Jesus was called “son of David” because he was descended from King David who had promised to return one day. As a man, he became the descendant of King David (Romans 1:3-4)
Davi lived for almost one thousand years before Jesus was born. When people called Jesus “son of David”, they meant “descendant”. Joseph, father of Jesus, was also called son of David by the same meaning (Matthew 1:1).
While he was on earth, Jesus was considered to be the son of Joseph. Because Joseph was descended from King David, Jesus also had the right to be recognized as a descendant of David.
Even the angel Gabriel acknowledged that, in terms of humans, Jesus was descended from David (Luke 1:31-35).
What does title “Davi’s Son” mean?
“The son of David was the Messiah, the Savior awaited by the Jews.” According to God’s promises made throughout the Old Testament, the Jews knew that their savior would be the one who saved them from the world.
God promised Abraham that through his descendants all people would be blessed; this promise was passed down to Isaac and Jacob (Isaac’s son).
Da tribo de Juda– Jaca profetizou que essa tribo dominaria todas as outra tribos de Israel”The family of David – God promised David his descendants would reign forever” Psalm 89:3-4
Being descended directly from David, Jesus fulfilled all requirements for being Messiah. His identification as son of David was important proof that he was the promised Savior who everyone awaited.
When people called Jesus’son of David’, they were recognizing him as the Savior. They were confessing their faith in Jesus. (Matthew 12:23)
Read here: why is Jesus called “Son of Man”?
Son or son of David?
Jesus put the Pharisees to test by asking them whether God could be both father and master of David.
The prophecies said he would be descended from David but David also prophesied that his servant would be lord of him. He did not have authority over his own son, so how could David be his servant? (Matthew 22:41-45)
Jesus asked this question because the Pharisees thought they knew God’s secrets but didn’t want to admit he was God.
Jesus showed them they didn’t know everything. The answer to the riddle was that Jesus was descended only from David in human terms. Jesus also existed before David was born and was greater than him.
Matthew calls Jesus “the Son of David” because he believes that Jesus was born from Mary, who is descended.
Matthew used the phrase “Messiah” ten times, and he used it six different ways. It was an important title for him because it referred to the expected deliverer of Israel.
According to the Bible, Jesus was born from King David through the lines of Nathan and Solomon. His mother Mary was descended from King Joachim, who had married her cousin Elizabeth, who was descended from King Jacob, who had been married to Leah.
Matthew calls Jesus “the Christ,” meaning “anointed one” (a messianic title), and also says that He is descended from King David and from Abraham. Those two statements recall the promises God had made to David and to Abram.
Matthew 1:1: The first book of the Gospel according to Matthew, the son of Levi, the son of Israel, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah.